Dialectal Variation

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Shafin Farko

Dialectal Variation: A Strategy for Rhyme Maintenance in Hausa Poetry

Balarabe Zulyadaini
Department of Languages and Linguistics
University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri
E-Mail: zulyadaini2000@yahoo.com
Telephone: +2348036474274


This paper discusses how Hausa poets employ different dialects as a poetic device, in an attempt to maintain the regular occurrence of a particular sound, syllable or word in poetry. The maintenance of these distinctive features in Hausa poetry is called rhyme. Hausa poetry has five different types of rhymes, depending on the structure of the verse. These include: (i) Internal rhyme (ii) Terminal rhyme (iii) Independent rhyme (iv) Initial rhyme and (v) Tonal rhyme. This paper observes that the poets switch to various Hausa dialects in order to maintain the flow of any of the above mentioned rhymes in their poetry.

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